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The Crusades: An Arab Perspective
The Crusades: An Arab Perspective
The Crusades: An Arab Perspective
60 min • Culture, History • 2016 • M

The dramatic story of the Crusades seen through Arab eyes, from the seizing of Jerusalem under Pope Urban II in 1099 to its recapture by Salah Ed-Din, Richard the Lionheart’s efforts to regain the city and the end of the movement two centuries later.

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Episode 1 Part 1: Shock: The First Crusade and the Conquest of Jerusalem
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1. Episode 1 Part 1: Shock: The First Crusade and the Conquest of Jerusalem
24 mins

The first episode explores the reasons behind the start of the Crusades, centred on Jerusalem, the holy city for Christians, Jews and Muslims, and sets the groundwork for one of history’s most infamous and lengthy conflicts.

Episode 1 Part 2: Shock: The First Crusade and the Conquest of Jerusalem
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1. Episode 1 Part 2: Shock: The First Crusade and the Conquest of Jerusalem
24 mins

We witness how an empowering speech given by Pope Urban II in November of 1095 set the stage for military conflict, and soon led to the conquest of Jerusalem four years later.

Episode 2 Part 1: Revival: The Muslim Response to the Crusades
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2. Episode 2 Part 1: Revival: The Muslim Response to the Crusades
24 mins

The story continues with a look at the early Muslim resistance to the Crusades, led by the Zengids, a Turkic dynasty ruling the northern Levant. These feudal states depended entirely on Europe so that, by the time of the Third Crusade in 1191, most of them were recaptured by the great Muslim leader Salah Ed-Din.

Episode 2 Part 2: Revival: The Muslim Response to the Crusades
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2. Episode 2 Part 2: Revival: The Muslim Response to the Crusades
24 mins

Muslim rulers had reigned supreme in the region for over four centuries prior to this shattering loss. We traces their rise from the ashes of defeat. Galvanized into action, the Muslim people embarked on a jihad against the Crusaders, regained territories with great determination and efficiency, and claimed a well-fought victory by the end of the Second Crusade in 1149.

Episode 3 Part 1: Unification: Saladin and the Fall of Jerusalem
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3. Episode 3 Part 1: Unification: Saladin and the Fall of Jerusalem
24 mins

The dramatic story of the Crusades viewed through Arab eyes continues with the uniting of Muslims under the famous Saladin, recapturing Jerusalem in 1187.

Episode 3 Part 2: Unification: Saladin and the Fall of Jerusalem
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3. Episode 3 Part 2: Unification: Saladin and the Fall of Jerusalem
24 mins

Two years after Battle of Hattin, which led to the recapture of Jerusalem and represented a significant weakening of Crusader forces, the Third Crusade was born. This three-year conflict ended with the signing of a peace treaty granting Muslims control of the holy city while maintaining Christian visitation rights.

Episode 4 Part 1: Liberation: Acre and the End of the Crusades
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4. Episode 4 Part 1: Liberation: Acre and the End of the Crusades
24 mins

In 1193, Salah Ed-Din Al-Ayoubi, known in the west as Saladin, fell ill and died, leaving the Ayyubid dynasty in disarray. The Crusades may have come to an end, but the fight against Western occupation did not.

Episode 4 Part 2: Liberation: Acre and the End of the Crusades
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4. Episode 4 Part 2: Liberation: Acre and the End of the Crusades
24 mins

The final episode considers the lasting remnants of these conflicts as it relates to events in their immediate aftermath all the way to 20th century, including the formation of the state of Israel in 1948.

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