Map-making, navigation and the measurement of time. The study of astronomy has been essential to developing our understanding of the universe, and between the 9th and 14th centuries, scholars from the Islamic world like those in Abbasid Caliph Al-Ma'mun's court and the Persian astronomers Al Tusi and Al Biruni - consolidated and refined the astronomy of earlier civilisations and came up with ideas that have influenced space science right through to the present day.
Physicist Jim al-Khalili explores the evolution of astronomy, from Persian astronomer al-Tusi to Copernicus and the space scientists of today. Revealing the links between modern scientific developments and the age-old science, Jim takes us on his historical tour to discover these breakthroughs ourselves.
Optics and light are being used in cutting edge science today. Physicist Jim Al-Khalili reveals how the true nature of light was first explained 1000 years ago.
Jim Al-Khalili uncovers the origins of algebra & cryptography, revealing how Persian mathematicians like Al Khwarizmi have influenced our modern world.
Robots, water pumps and trick mechanisms. Jim Al-Khalili traces the path from modern technology back to scientists like the 9th century Banu Musa brothers.
From ibn Hayyan to Al Kindi to Al Razi, Jim Al-Khalili introduces us to the work of medieval chemists and reveals their influence on modern chemistry.